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Strony

Thursday, 11 October 2012

When the Past is Present

Let's visit St Albans. 

 
This small city instantly charmed me with its atmosphere. Market Place, Clock Tower, history everywhere...


 St Albans Abbey, with the longest nave in Great Britain.

Medieval architecture of Market place, has held markets since 9th century


St Albans has more pubs per capita, than any other English town. All together fifty five pubs, included Ye Olde Fighting Cocks, and  little younger The Boot from 1420.
  •   Many of pubs  offer live music, featured the zipheads

    Around 20BC - the town first appears in the Iron Age as Verlamion, 'the settlement above the Marsh'
  • AD43 - The Romans conquer Britain and the renamed Verulamium becomes one of the largest towns in Roman Britain
  • AD60-61 - The wooden town goes up in flames during the revolt of Boudicca but is rebuilt with impressive town houses and public buildings
  • AD275 – gated walls encircle the town
  • AD304 – St Alban becomes Britain's first Christian martyr
  • AD407 – The last Roman soldiers leave and the town declines. During the 6th and 7th centuries, Saxons from Germany arrive and convert to Christianity
  • AD900-950 – Abbot Ulsinus establishes a monastic and market settlement close to the site of St Alban's execution and becomes the acknowledged founder of St Albans, also building St. Michael's, St. Peter's and St. Stephen's churches
  • 1077 – the old Abbey is demolished and rebuilt. It is consecrated in 1136
  • 1086 – the Domesday Book shows that the population of St Albans was around 500
  • 1213 – St Albans is one of the five chosen venues for the drafting of Magna Carta
  • 1381 – conflict grows between the monastery and the town over milling rights. The Abbey is surrounded by walls to protect livestock and keep townspeople away
  • 1403-1412 – the Clock Tower is built as a symbol of the peasants' revolt and their need for independence from the church
  • 1455 and 1461 – two battles in the Wars of the Roses are fought here
  • Middle Ages – St Albans prospers, catering for travellers and pilgrims. The Fleur-de-Lys, the George and the Tabard Inn are all built in the 15th century
  • 1553 – the right to a Mayor and to hold markets is granted by a charter of Edward VI
  • 1604 – St Albans loses many inhabitants to the plague
  • 1642-45 – St Albans sides with parliament during the English Civil War
  • The 18th and 19th centuries see St. Albans remain a market town with silk and cotton mills, brewing, printing and straw hat industries. Residents welcome gas street lighting, a new town hall and a police force. The London, Hatfield and Verulam Roads are built
  • 1868 –the main railway line to London arrives and St Albans begins to rapidly develop into a modern city
  • 1877 – a Royal Charter gives the town City status and the Abbey Church becomes a Cathedral
  • 1881 – the first public library opens, joined 8 years later by the first museum.
  • 1908 – a cinema opens (a century later we are without one!)
  • The 20th century sees St Albans develop as a commuter town, with expansion in the electrical and aircraft industries stimulated by WWII
  • The district becomes encircled by the M1, M25 and A1 motorways. It continues to attract commuters and tourists
  • 2001 – the census shows a population of 129,000 for St Albans City and District
    info copied from: www.allaboutstalbans.com

13 comments:

  1. kolejne wspaniałe miejsce, przesiąknięte historią :)

    ReplyDelete
  2. te fotografie przypominają mi klimaty irlandzkie, gdzie mieszkałam 2 lata. zwłaszcza puby. Dublin to słynny Temple Bar, gdzie życie nie cichnie prawie wcale.
    dziękuję za lekcję historii :)

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. post o irlandzkich pubach mam w planach, choc ja bylam tam tylko chwilowo i tylko turystycznie:)

      Delete
  3. Klimatyczne miejsce z duszą, uwielbiam takie

    ReplyDelete
  4. Que bello lugar! además perfectamente documentado y muy bien fotografiado.
    SAludos.

    ReplyDelete
  5. Que bello lugar! además perfectamente documentado y muy bien fotografiado.
    SAludos.

    ReplyDelete
  6. Has creado una bella atmosfera, amiga

    Saludos

    ReplyDelete
  7. czy ja dobrze widzę na pierwszym zdjęciu restauracja pana JO?:)

    życie & podróże
    gotowanie

    ReplyDelete
  8. Piękne. Coraz częściej myślę o podróży po Wielkiej Brytanii.

    ReplyDelete

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